Egypt has long been a mecca for tourists with its stunning historical sites, striking deserts, and fascinating culture. It’s likely most people aren’t aware of the dangerous snakes that silently lurk nearby, some as venomous as they are beautiful. While you’ll usually be safe from these creatures, knowing what to look out for can make all the difference should you come face to face with one.

Top Venomous Snake Species in Egypt

Here’s a list of some of the most venomous snakes found in Egypt. While it’s unlikely you’ll come across these during a vacation, it’s always best to be informed.

Egyptian Cobra (Naja haje)

This deadly snake is found across Egypt and is known for its impressive hood display. The Egyptian Cobra’s venom is highly potent, causing severe neurological damage and death if left untreated. These snakes primarily hunt small mammals and birds, but they are known to sometimes attack humans when threatened.

Sahara Sand Viper (Cerastes vipera)

This small, nocturnal snake inhabits sandy deserts and arid shrublands and is notorious for its ability to bury itself in the sand with only its eyes protruding. The Sahara Sand Viper’s venom causes intense pain, swelling, and potentially lethal heart attacks. While they are not particularly aggressive towards humans, stepping on a hidden viper could provoke a bite.

Horned Desert Viper (Cerastes cerastes)

Closely related to the Sahara Sand Viper, this snake also inhabits desert environments of Egypt. It gets its name from its horn-like projections above each eye, which makes it stand out from other venomous snake species. The Horned Desert Viper’s venom is hemotoxic, causing muscle, tissue, and organ damage. Although bites are rare, they pose a significant threat if untreated.

Saw-scaled Viper (Echis carinatus)

This small but deadly snake is identified by its rough, scaled body and lightning speed. The Saw-scaled Viper is responsible for the highest number of snakebite-related deaths in Egypt due to its abundant population, aggressive nature, and potent venom that causes significant blood clotting and hemorrhaging.

How to Stay Safe from Venomous Snakes

While encounters with venomous snakes are unlikely, a few simple precautions can greatly reduce your risk:

1. Stay on marked trails and avoid tall grass or underbrush where snakes may hide.
2. Wear sturdy closed-toe shoes or boots when walking in areas where venomous snakes are known to be present.
3. Never attempt to handle or disturb any snake. If you encounter a snake, remain calm, and give it space to move away.
4. Learn about the snakes native to the area and educate yourself on basic first aid for snakebites.


Egypt’s venomous snakes play a vital role in the ecosystem and contribute to the nation’s rich biodiversity. While the chances of encountering these deadly creatures are low, being aware of the potential risks and taking necessary precautions can help ensure a safe and enjoyable experience exploring Egypt’s treasures.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Which venomous snake is the most common in Egypt?

The Saw-scaled Viper is the most common venomous snake in Egypt and is responsible for the highest number of snakebite-related fatalities.

What should I do if I’m bitten by a venomous snake in Egypt?

Seek immediate medical attention. The faster you act, the better the chances of minimizing the effects of the venom. In the meantime, try to remain calm and immobilize the affected limb to slow the spread of the venom.

Are there antidotes for snakebites in Egypt?

Yes, many hospitals in Egypt carry antivenom for the treatment of snakebites. However, it’s important to ensure that the right antivenom is administered based on the specific snake species involved in the bite.



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